Leaves. 2-4" long,
elliptical, obovate, with small serrated edges. Very deep green
above and somewhat grayish underneath. The fall color is
attractive reddish to purple.
flowers are white to slightly reddish, 1-2" diameter, from April
to May, south to north.
Fruit. A delightful
bright red, hence red chokeberry, about 1/4" diameter, in the
fall persisting thru winter in profusion. The fruit is bitter,
Winter Buds. The
buds are 1/4" to 1/2" long and red to green in color.
Bark. The stems of
the red chokeberry are of medium thickness, brown with no
Pests. The red
chokeberry has no major pests but can harbor round headed apple
borer and leaf spot.
Native to the eastern US but will grow from mid-Maine through
northern Illinois to Washington state and south to Orlando,
is a prized landscape addition as it's bright red berries
attract wildlife. Chokeberry makes an ideal shrub for natural
areas. It transplants well and has a moderate growth rate. The
main cultivar is ' Brilliantissima' noted for more abundant
fruit and brilliant fall color. 'erecta' is another cultivar.
The red chokeberry has been suggested as an alternative to the
Euonymus alatus (burning bush) though I find it nearly
impossible to surpass the brilliant red fall color of the