Habitat. Canadian Hemlocks can grow to 100' tall with a 35' spread. A
tapering, pyramidal tree with drooping branches. Hemlocks are an
easily transplanted conifer and grows well in a variety of soils. Prefers
part shade but will do well in full shade or sun. Hemlock are found most
commonly mixed with white cedar
or arborvitae and yellow
birch in low lying areas in the upper
Midwest. Hemlocks like moisture.
Leaves.Canadian Hemlock has short flat needles varying from dark green to light
green during the growing season. Underside silvery. Spirally arranged around
the branch. 1/2 inch long. Persist for 3 years.
Hemlock flower in May in Michigan. Light yellow, about 1/2".
Fruit.The cones on a Hemlock are small rounded 3/4" long, ripen in the fall
and are eaten by ruffed grouse and squirrels. Rabbits and deer eat the
twigs. Very ornamental.
are brown, hairy, as they age becoming gray brown. Old trunks are thick,
grey brown and deeply furrowed. Bark on hemlock is rich in tannin.
coarsed grained, soft, reddish brown, 26 pcf. Warps little, strong, splits
easy, warps little. Not normally used for lumber as the knots are nearly as
hard as steel. Many of the older houses in Northern Michigan are built with
Hemlock beams and rafters.
Railroad ties, boxes and sheathing.
Probably the most damaging is the Hemlock wooly adelgid. This insect is
killing most stands of hemlock. I was in the Pocono Mountains of
Pennsylvania about 2009 and the scene was pure destruction. Dead hemlocks
everywhere. It has been found in isolated spots in SW lower Michigan. Check
the underside of the needles for white cottony spots.
Distribution.Canadian Hemlock are native to the eastern third of the USA and Canada.
Nova Scotia to southern Ontario, Michigan to Minnesota to across the
Mason-Dixon line. Also in the mountains of the southeast.
Other.Canadian Hemlock or Eastern Hemlock is a graceful pyramidal tree with
drooping foliage of spray-like appearance. Somewhat of a scraggly
appearance. As a specimen planting Canadian Hemlock can't be beat, it's
rugged, wild look stands as a stark contrast to the simple shape of a pine.
There is a group of beautiful, mature Hemlocks growing along sandstone creek
in Ledges park near Grand Ledge, Michigan that approach in size the old
growth White Pine in the Porcupine Mountains of
Michigan.Shelter small plants from drying winds. Canadian
Hemlocks stand shearing and moderate pruning well and are excellent as hedges
or a wind break. Makes handsome graceful ornamental plantings. Easy to
transplant. A Hemlock may be right for you. Makes a poor Christmas
tree as it has poor needle retention.
Numerous, dwarf, compact and others are available.
18-24" Hemlock transplant
4-5' Eastern Hemlock
Mature hemlock bark
To order Hemlock by PHONE:
We're glad to take your order by phone @ 231-544-6769. Phone orders can be charged to VISA or MasterCard accounts.
To order Hemlock by MAIL: For those who wish to
order by mail or prefer to send a check, send orders to:
Porcupine Hollow Farm
8593 W. State Rd. Central Lake, Mi. 49622