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Canaan Fir  Abies balsamea  phanerolipsis

Zone 3-6 

Height 40-60' Spread 20-30' rarely to 100'


Habitat.  Canaan fir is very similar to Balsam fir and in more southern locations should be grown on moist, cold sites preferably a north facing slope. Canaan fir is an open, pyramidal tree, with stiff, horizontal branches, ending in stout, yellowish-brown, fuzzy twigs, with crowded shiny foliage.  Grows best on fertile, moist, well drained soils. Can grow on dry sandy soils once established. Canaan is a good Christmas tree for wetter soils.


Leaves. The needles of the Canaan fir are a lustrous dark green above, aromatic, silvery beneath, narrow and straight, 1/2 to 1" long with a notched tip. Scattered, spirally arranged in rows, on young Canaan fir extending from all sides of the branch, on old trees covering the upper side of the branch. 


Flowers. Canaan fir flower in May, 1/4" long, male catkins.


Fruit. The cones of the Canaan Fir are erect as in all true firs, 2-4" long and 1" wide, purple when new, browning with age and leaving a stem as the seed fall off. The young cones are in my opinion a real spring visual treat, be sure to look for them this June.


Winter Buds. The buds are small resinous and brown.


Bark. Mature trunks on Canaan Fir is rough cinnamon-red, thin, scaly, at length becoming gray, younger trees bark is smooth grayish and resinous.


Wood. The wood is light, soft, weak, coarse- grain with wide rings and lighter colored sapwood, used locally as lumber.


Pests. The balsam wooly adelgid and spruce budworm are major pests.. These can be generally treated with an application of Sevin.


Distribution. Canaan Fir is found mainly in the mid-Appalachia region and in the higher elevations of the Appalachian mountains above 4,000 feet in the south.  Can be seen growing from barren rock in it's native range. In Michigan it is not generally found growing naturally.


Other.  Fine Christmas tree though the Fraser and Douglas fir are more in demand.  Our u-cut canaan fir Christmas trees will be ready to cut November 2017. Canaan fir do have late bud break so are suitable for sites that Douglas fir or blue spruce would burn from frost damage.




We have Canaan Fir up to 5' tall. Call for B+B prices.

To buy Canaan fir seedlings by PHONE: We're glad to take your order by phone @ 231-544-6769.  Phone orders can be charged to VISA, Discover, Amex or MasterCard accounts.

To buy Canaan fir seedling by MAIL: For those who wish to order by mail or prefer to send a check, send orders to: Porcupine Hollow Farm   8593 W. Old State Rd.  Central Lake, Mi. 49622

To order Canaan fir seedlings using our secure shopping cart:

Plant Type Age Size Quanity / Price
Fir-Canaan 2-0 3-5"
  2-0 5-10"
  2-0 9-12"
  2-1 7-12
  P-2 10-16"
  P+2, P+3 12-22"

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Shipping & Handling: Most orders are shipped UPS. Make sure we have your street address and a daytime phone number.

Please include 20% shipping and packaging with your order.

    Minimum shipping $15    

Michigan Residents add 6% sales tax.