WHITE WALNUT - BUTTERNUT
Habitat. White Walnut is a medium tree grow 30 to
60' in height with a trunk of 2-3'.
It is really most happy in the loose gravely soil of stream banks and other
undisturbed areas but can grow in various soils such as, alkaline, clay, dry and wet soil.
Leaves. Alternate, 15-30" long, leaflets 11-17,
2-4" long, finely serrated, aromatic, yellow in the fall. Butternut normally
have an end leaf.
Flowers. 3-5" long, greenish, drooping catkins. In
May in Michigan.
Fruit. Ripens in late fall, sweet, oily kernel, nut
about 3" long and cylindrical in clusters of 3-5 and sticky.
Buds. Terminal buds on a butternut are 1/2-3/4"
long. Prominent hairy fringes above leaf scar.
Bark. The butternut twigs are somewhat orangish-brown.
The trunk can be smooth, with broad whitish ridges. Brown on old trunks.
Wood. White walnut wood is light brown with lighter
sapwood, satiny luster when polished. The wood is soft, weak, coarse grain and
Uses. Some people are just crazy about the taste of
the butternut and for sure the squirrels go nutz over them. The wood is used in
finish work in houses, furniture and cabinetry. Also instrument cases. Sap can
be boiled in the spring for syrup.
Distribution. Butternut Walnut is a native nut tree
of the eastern USA. Butternut Walnuts can be grown in nearly all of the country
from Florida to California and is hardy enough for most northern climates. Found
further north than the black walnut.
Other. The most surefire way to identify a
white walnut from a black walnut is by the pith in the twigs. The black walnut
is cream colored and the butternut has chocolate brown pith. Considered a slow grower they grow 12" or less per year. Walnuts develop a taproot which can make transplanting difficult. If
growing Butternut Walnuts for transplant at a later time then you should check our
root bags for ease of digging. Known mainly for it's edible nuts and fine
wood. Butternut is an excellent choice for deer, turkey and squirrel feed. Nut
production on a mature butternut walnut can be tremendous. Plant two trees
for pollination. Butternut trees can be messy with the large compound leaves and
buy butternut walnut seedlings and transplants use the table below.
Check out our other nuts...
Order by PHONE:
We're glad to take your order by phone @ 231-544-6769. Phone orders can be charged to VISA, Discover, or MasterCard accounts.
Order by MAIL: For those who wish to
order by mail or prefer to send a check, send orders to:
Porcupine Hollow Farm
8593 W. State Rd. Central Lake, Mi. 49622
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shipped UPS. Make sure we have your street address and a daytime phone number.
Please include 20% shipping and packaging with
Minimum shipping $15
Residents add 6% sales tax.