Leaves. The common
elderberry has 7 or more leaflets, .
Elderberry flowers appear from June to August, creamy-white flat
topped clusters, 5 to 7 inches across. When in full bloom it can
be pretty spectacular.
Fruit. The fruit is
small, blue to black and are real tasty. Common uses are pies,
drinks and birdies.
Winter Buds. The
buds are small brown or green.
Bark. Bark on
elderberry is greenish or gray streaked with white.
Wood. Since the
elderberry is a shrub the wood uses are limited.
Pests. No serious
pests are known that attack elderberry.
Elderberry are distributed from
lower Canada west to Manitoba and in the states from Georgia to
Texas and north.
brought by pioneer families and seeded in the homesteads as a
staple food source.
Sambucus racemosa the red elderberry is found in more northern,
dryer locations. European elderberry is found in New England