Leaves. The needles
of the Korean fir are a lustrous dark green but more often light
green, 1/2 to 3/4" long with white stripes on the bottom .
fir flower in May, red flowers emerging to beautiful purple
Fruit. The cones of
the Korean Fir are erect as in all true firs, 2-3" long and
are a very colorful purple. The young cones are in my opinion a real
spring visual treat, be sure to look for them this June. As a
Christmas tree grower they can be a problem as they are more
prolific than fraser cones.
Winter Buds. The
buds are small resinous and brown.
Bark. Mature trunks
on Korean Fir is rough cinnamon-red, thin, scaly, at length
becoming gray, younger trees bark is smooth grayish and
Wood. The wood is
light, soft, weak, coarse- grain with wide rings and lighter
Pests. The balsam
wooly adelgid and spruce budworm are major pests.. These can be
generally treated with an application of Sevin.
Korean Fir are found naturally only on a small geographic area
of South Korea.
Christmas tree though the Fraser and Douglas fir are more in
demand. Prune leader in late spring to keep new leader
from cork screwing. Deer will devour these so be careful.
Cultivars. "Compact dwarf", "Prostrata"
a dwarf, "silberlocke" curving silver-white needles.